[13][14][15][16] Yadavs form the single largest group amongst the OBCs, with around 20% population. Uttar Pradesh has a large population and a high population growth rate. [148] The Subordinate judicial service (viz. The climate of the Vindhya Range and plateau is subtropical with a mean annual rainfall between 1000 and 1200 mm, most of which comes during the monsoon. [24] It included parts of central India, north of the Narmada River and it encompassed the entire Indo-Gangetic plain. Tropical thorny forests, consisting of widely scattered thorny trees, mainly babool are mostly found in the southwestern parts of the state. As cultures travelled through the region they brought their bodies of knowledge with them, adding Pali, Persian and Arabic scholarship to the community. [35] The Mughals were descended from Persianised Central Asian Turks (with significant Mongol admixture). Uttar Pradesh - Uttar Pradesh - History: The history of Uttar Pradesh can be divided into five periods: (1) prehistory and mythology (up to c. 600 bce), (2) the Buddhist-Hindu period (c. 600 bce to c. 1200 ce), (3) the Muslim period (c. 1200 to c. 1775), (4) the British period (c. 1775 to 1947), and (5) the postindependence period (1947 to the present). [197], The Uttar Pradesh Financial Corporation (UPFC) was established in the year 1954 under the SFCs Act of 1951 mainly to develop small- and medium-scale industries in the state. The present schools-to-university system of education owes its inception and development in the state (as in the rest of the country) to foreign Christian missionaries and the British colonial administration. The state’s name is Hindi for ‘northern state’ and its capital is Lucknow, in the west-central part of the state. Total population of Uttar Pradesh as per 2011 census is 199,812,341 of which male and … The entire alluvial plain is divided into three sub-regions. [13] Uttar Pradesh has largest number of net migrants migrating out of the state. Historically, Hindu society is divided into four sub-divisions or varnas, the Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras. [243] It can also boast of routinely having three or four players on the national side. [10] President's rule has been imposed in Uttar Pradesh ten times since 1968, for different reasons and for a total of 1,700 days. Broadband internet is available in select towns and cities and is provided by the state-run BSNL and by private companies. [116] According to the 2011 census, there are 15 urban agglomerations with a population greater than 500,000. [183][184], In the afternoon of 23 November 2007, within a span of 25 minutes, six consecutive serial blasts occurred in the Lucknow, Varanasi, and Faizabad courts, in which 28 people were killed and several others injured. Uttar Pradesh civil judicial services and Uttar Pradesh higher judicial service is another vital part of the judiciary of Uttar Pradesh. Sweets occupy an important place in the Hindu diet and are eaten at social ceremonies. Uttar Pradesh is also home to three World Heritage Sites: the Taj Mahal, Agra Fort, and the nearby Fatehpur Sikri. In the 19th and 20th century, Hindi literature was modernised by authors such as Jaishankar Prasad, Maithili Sharan Gupt, Munshi Premchand, Suryakant Tripathi Nirala, Babu Gulabrai, Sachchidananda Hirananda Vatsyayan 'Agyeya', Rahul Sankrityayan, Harivansh Rai Bachchan, Dharamvir Bharati, Subhadra Kumari Chauhan, Mahavir Prasad Dwivedi, Swami Sahajanand Saraswati, Dushyant Kumar, Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, Acharya Kuber Nath Rai, Bharatendu Harishchandra, Kamleshwar Prasad Saxena, Shivmangal Singh Suman, Mahadevi Varma, and Vibhuti Narain Rai. [67][68] The sluggish rivers of the bhabhar deepen in this area, their course running through a tangled mass of thick undergrowth. Several sacred books of the Aryans were also composed here. [123] Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India, with 199,581,477 people on 1 March 2011. Mirzapur district of Uttar Pradesh has total population of 2496970 as per the Census 2011. [246] However, races were only held three times before being cancelled due to falling attendance and lack of government support. [148][156][157][158][159][160][161] The Uttar Pradesh Police is headed by an IPS officer of the rank of Director general of police. [20][21][22], Out of the sixteen mahajanapadas (lit. newkerala.com Online News", "Ethnologue report for language code: bfy", "Benaras Gharana, traditional style and way of teaching and performing Indian classical music", "The glorious traditions and mythological legacy", "Yummy: 29 Scrumptious Thalis From 29 States Of India", "Style statement for fashionistas in state", Official Website of Government of Uttar Pradesh, Official Website of Department of Home of Government of Uttar Pradesh, Official Website of Department of Tourism of Government of Uttar Pradesh, List of cities in Uttar Pradesh by population, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Uttar_Pradesh&oldid=998431829#Demographics, States and territories established in 1950, Hindustani-speaking countries and territories, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 10:16. The state has also proposed creating the Taj International Airport at Kurikupa near Hirangaon, Tundla in Firozabad district. The Integral University, a state level institution, was established by the Uttar Pradesh Government to provide education in different technical, applied science, and other disciplines. The judiciary in the state consists of the Allahabad High Court in Allahabad, the Lucknow Bench of Allahabad High Court, district courts and session courts in each district or Sessions Division, and lower courts at the tehsil level. ... a note describing its findings from the Religion Data of Census 2011 on its website. There is low relative humidity of around 20% and dust-laden winds blow throughout the season. Some sports are designed to display martial skills such as using a sword or 'Pata' (stick). The state has more than 32 large and small rivers; of them, the Ganges, Yamuna, Saraswati, Sarayu, Betwa, and Ghaghara are larger and of religious importance in Hinduism. Many great sages of the Vedic times like Bhardwaja, Gautam, Yagyavalkaya, Vashishtha, Vishwamitra and Valmiki flourished in this state. The governor remains a ceremonial head of the state, while the Chief Minister and his council are responsible for day-to-day government functions. Hindi is used as a medium of instruction in most of the schools except those affiliated to the CBSE or the Council for ICSE boards. [101][102][103][104][105][106][107], Other animals in the state include reptiles such as lizards, cobras, kraits, and gharials. {{quickbar |image=Taj Mahal 2012.jpg |location=Uttar Pradesh in India (disputed hatched).svg |flag=Flag of Uttar Pradesh.png |capital=Lucknow |government=Indian State |currency=Indian rupee (INR) |area=243,286 km2 |population=199,581,477(2011 est.) Varanasi a major religious hub, is the holiest of the seven sacred cities (Sapta Puri) in Hinduism and Jainism. [266] Also at Sarnath are the Pillars of Ashoka and the Lion Capital of Ashoka, both important archaeological artefacts with national significance. On the contrary, the Jain community with quite high literacy rates, for both males and females as well. India is going to conduct it’s population counting marathon exercise in 2020 and data will be published in 2021. [237][238] The Lucknow Metro has been operational since 9 March 2019. [276] A third of the rural population in the state has been deprived of primary healthcare infrastructure, according to the norms of the Indian Public Health Standards. The people of Uttar Pradesh dress in a variety of traditional and Western styles. As of 2011, there were 8,546 km (5,310 mi) of rail in the state. [148][162] Subordinate Judicial Service, categorised into two divisions viz. A month later, Hemu died in the Second Battle of Panipat, and Uttar Pradesh came under Emperor Akbar's rule. An IPS officer in the rank of Inspector General of Police heads the zones, whereas an IPS officer of the rank of Deputy inspector general of police heads the ranges. Five dynasties ruled over the Delhi Sultanate sequentially: the Mamluk dynasty (1206–90), the Khalji dynasty (1290–1320), the Tughlaq dynasty (1320–1414), the Sayyid dynasty (1414–51), and the Lodi dynasty (1451–1526). [77] Summers are extreme with temperatures fluctuating anywhere between 0 °C and 50 °C in parts of the state coupled with dry hot winds called the Loo. [112], Uttar Pradesh has more metropolitan cities than any other state in India. 2020 India Population: By Religion, State Wise, Density, City Wise, and More details given here. As per provisional reports of Census India, the population of Uttar Pradesh in 2011 is 199,812,341 (19.98 Crore) [70] In addition, the area is fairly arid. Buddhist attractions in Uttar Pradesh include stupas and monasteries. [205] Uttar Pradesh has not been able to witness double digit economic growth despite consistent attempts over the years. [199] The UPFC also provides working capital to existing units with a sound track record and to new units under a single window scheme. [47] After the revolt failed, the British divided the most rebellious regions by reorganising their administrative boundaries, splitting the Delhi region from 'NWFP of Agra' and merging it with Punjab, while the Ajmer- Marwar region was merged with Rajputana and Oudh was incorporated into the state. [42], Starting from Bengal in the second half of the 18th century, a series of battles for north Indian lands finally gave the British East India Company accession over the state's territories. The Pioneer was founded in Allahabad in 1865 by George Allen. [271], A newborn in Uttar Pradesh is expected to live four years fewer than in the neighbouring state of Bihar, five years fewer than in Haryana and seven years fewer than in Himachal Pradesh. Divisional Commissioner, an IAS officer is the head of administration on the divisional level. [20] For accurate caste population data in India, Government of India has not publicly released Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011 caste population data for every single non-SC/ST castes (General castes, OBC/EBCs) in India.[21][22][23][24][25]. The economy of Uttar Pradesh is the fifth-largest state economy in India with ₹17.94 lakh crore (US$250 billion) in gross domestic product and a per capita NSDP of ₹70,000 (US$980). [269] Smaller sub-centres, the first point of public contact, increased by no more than 2 per cent over the 25 years to 2015, a period when the population grew by more than 51 per cent. The Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation was established in 1972 to provide economical, reliable, and comfortable transportation in the state with connecting services to adjoining states[229] and boasts as being the only State Transport Corporation that runs in profit in the entire nation. [62], Uttar Pradesh, with a total area of 243,290 square kilometres (93,935 sq mi), is India's fourth-largest state in terms of land area and is roughly of same size as United Kingdom. in Central Rohilkhand a mix of Awadhi and Khari boli is spoken, while in Eastern Rohilkhand, Awadhi is the dialect. [299] Dial-up access is provided throughout the state by BSNL and other providers.[300]. Uttar Pradesh is known for its extensive avifauna. [79] Primarily a summer phenomenon, the Bay of Bengal branch of the Indian monsoon is the major bearer of rain in most parts of state. [48] It was commonly referred to as the United Provinces or its acronym UP. [91] The dance form is connected to classical Hindustani music where the rhythmic nimbleness of the feet is accompanied by either Tabla or Pakhawaj. [209][210] MSME sector is the second-largest employment generator in Uttar Pradesh, the first being agriculture and employs over 9.2 million people across the state. The chaat in Lucknow and Banarasi Paan is known across India for its flavour and ingredients.[292]. Balrampur is one of the city of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh and is a part of Devipatan division as well as the historic Awadh regions. Greater Noida Cricket Stadium is another newly built international cricket stadium with a capacity of around 20,000 spectators. There have also been prehistorical finds in Uttar Pradesh from the Middle and Upper Paleolithic dated to 21,000–31,000 years old[19] and Mesolithic/Microlithic hunter-gatherer settlement, near Pratapgarh, from around 10550–9550 BC. The detail analysis of Population Census 2011 published by Govt. Uttar Pradesh has several historical, natural, and religious tourist destinations, such as Kushinagar, Kanpur, Ayodhya, Vrindavan, Mathura, Varanasi, Allahabad, Lucknow, Jaunpur, Noida, Meerut, Bareilly, Faizabad, Aligarh, Agra, Jhansi, Rampur, Raebareli, Saharanpur, and Gorakhpur. [46], Due to dissatisfaction with British rule, a serious rebellion erupted in various parts of North India, which became known as the Indian Rebellion of 1857; Bengal regiment's sepoy stationed at Meerut cantonment, Mangal Pandey, is widely considered as its starting point. The state has been affected by repeated episodes of caste and communal violence. [213] Labour efficiency is higher at an index of 26 than the national average of 25. Multi system operators provide a mix of Hindi, English, Bengali, Nepali and international channels via cable. Other Backward Classes (OBCs) constitute 40% of Uttar Pradesh’s population. [169] NHRC further said, of the over 30,000 murders registered in the country in 2016, Uttar Pradesh had 4,889 cases. There are also certain sub-regional delicacies. Uttar Pradesh has a population more than that of Pakistan. Doordarshan is the state-owned television broadcaster. Sikkim (28.1%), Arunachal Pradesh (13.0%) and Mizoram (7.9 %) have emerged as top three states in terms of having maximum percentage of Buddhist population. The population density is 828 people per square kilometre, making it one of the most densely populated states in the country. [113] These blocks consists of urban units viz. As Uttar Pradesh goes to the polls, ... Uttar Pradesh elections: caste and religion are mere distractions. [228] The state is well connected to its nine neighbouring states and almost all other parts of India through the national highways (NH). [148][152][153][154][155][156][157] The administration in each district is headed by a District Magistrate, who is an IAS officer and is assisted by a number of officers belonging to state services. [61] In 2000, northern districts of the state were separated to form the state of Uttarakhand. The new state was called the North Western Provinces of Agra and Oudh, which in 1902 was renamed as the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh. The bawarchis and rakabdars of Awadh gave birth to the dum style of cooking or the art of cooking over a slow fire, which has become synonymous with Lucknow today. Out of which 1312302 are males while 1184668 are females. In 2011 there were total 222403 families residing in Sant Ravidas Nagar district. [6][7], Population count for each district (with percentages[i]) as per 2011 Census.[4]. Tharus, Boksas, Bhotias, Jaunswaris and Rajis.[3]. [135] The literacy rate of the state at the 2011 census was 67.7%, which was below the national average of 74%. The other two regions, the central and the western are comparatively better with a well-developed irrigation system. [274] State has the highest child mortality indicators,[275] from the neonatal mortality rate (NNMR) to the under-five mortality rate of 64 children who die per 1,000 live births before five years of age, 35 die within a month of birth, and 50 do not complete a year of life. Some prominent financial dailies like The Economic Times, Financial Express, Business Line, and Business Standard are widely circulated. Many communities have their own particular style of cuisines, such as the Jains, Kayasths and Muslims. [296] Amar Ujala, Dainik Bhaskar, Dainik Jagran, Rajasthan Patrika and Hindustan Dainik have a wide circulation, with local editions published from several important cities. [76] The winter in January and February is followed by summer between March and May and the monsoon season between June and September. Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India, with 199,581,477 people on 1 March 2011. [148][162] The President of India appoints the chief justice of the High Court of the Uttar Pradesh judiciary on the advice of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India as well as the Governor of Uttar Pradesh. 2,146 per sq mi. While this is still below the national average of 74.04% (82.14% for men, 65.16% for women) the rate of growth has been much higher in Uttar Pradesh as compared to the rest of India. Act Number 6, of 1976)", "Decennil growth of population by census", "Decennial growth rate and density for 2011 at a glance for Uttar Pradesh and the districts: provisional population totals paper 1 of 2011", "The state with large no. [193] With 359 manufacturing clusters, cement is the top sector of SMEs in UP. [77] Typical summer months are from March to June, with maximum temperatures ranging from 30 to 38 °C (86 to 100 °F). [277], Several texts and hymns of the Vedic literature were composed in Uttar Pradesh. At least 28 people were killed and as many as 101 others were injured. From 1991 to 2001 the population of the state grew by 26% and that is a pretty good number. As per the report of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (released on 7 January 2020), the state per capita income is below ₹8,000 (US$110) per annum. [286][287], Diwali (celebrated between mid-October and mid-December) and Rama Navami are popular festivals in Uttar Pradesh. The state is divided into 18 divisions and 75 districts, with the capital being Lucknow. [227], The state has a large, multimodal transportation system with the largest road network in the country. Likewise, older districts of Basti, Jaunpur, and western Mirzapur in Purvanchal and Shahjehanpur, Pilbhit, Eastern Badayun and Eastern Farrukhabad in central UP are Awadhi speaking. The state houses several holy Hindu temples and pilgrimage centres. Awadhi cuisine is world-famous for dishes such as kebab, biryani, keema and nihari. [140][141] The Legislative Assembly consists of 404 members who are elected for five-year terms. Sonebhadra, a district in eastern Uttar Pradesh, has large-scale industries. [245] The 5.14-kilometre-long (3.19-mile) circuit was designed by German architect and racetrack designer Herman Tilke to compete with other world-class race circuits. Uttar Pradesh has a large public as well as private healthcare infrastructure. [9] These include Awadhi spoken in the Awadh region of eastern Uttar Pradesh, Bhojpuri spoken in the Bhojpuri region of eastern Uttar Pradesh, and Braj Bhasha spoken in the Braj region western Uttar Pradesh. The popular folk music of Uttar Pradesh includes sohar which is sung to celebrate birth of a child. The population of Uttar Pradesh is divided into numerous castes and sub-castes. A typical day-to-day traditional vegetarian meal of Uttar Pradesh, like any other North Indian thali, consists of roti (flatbread), chawal, dal, sabji, raita and papad. [14] The state has two international airports, Chaudhary Charan Singh Airport (Lucknow) and Lal Bahadur Shastri Airport (Varanasi). Among the wide variety of fishes, the most common ones are mahaseer and trout. Uttar Pradesh cabinet minister Siddharth Nath Singh said prison terms of up to five years were necessary to stop unlawful conversions and provide justice to women who have suffered from them. Uttar Pradesh Cricket Association (UPCA) has headquarters in Kanpur. The Bhabhar tract gives place to the terai area which is covered with tall elephant grass and thick forests interspersed with marshes and swamps. [150] Hitesh C. Awasthy is the current Director General of Police.[151]. Uttar Pradesh is India's most populous state. [52] Allahabad continues to be an important administrative base of today's Uttar Pradesh and has several administrative headquarters. Although UP later became the fifth-largest state of India, NWPA was one of the smallest states of the British Indian empire. Awadhi is the main dialect in the Awadh sub-region of Uttar Pradesh. Uttar Pradesh is een van de zes Indiase staten waar het parlement een tweekamerstelsel hanteert, bestaande uit de Vidhan Sabha, die de taak van het lagerhuis vervult, en de Vidhan Parishad, die van het hogerhuis.De Vidhan Sabha telt 403 zetels, de Vidhan Parishad 100. [194] As per the report generated by Indian Sugar Mills Association (ISMA), total sugarcane production in India was estimated to be 28.3 million tonnes in the fiscal ending September 2015 which includes 10.47 million tonnes from Maharashtra and 7.35 million tonnes from Uttar Pradesh[196], State industries are localised in the Kanpur region, the fertile purvanchal lands and the Noida region. In the sixth century B.C., Uttar Pradesh was associated with two new r… Mughlai cuisine is a style of cooking developed in the Indian subcontinent by the imperial kitchens of the Mughal Empire. [32], Parts or all of Uttar Pradesh were ruled by the Delhi Sultanate for 320 years (1206–1526). Lucknow Swarna Shatabdi Express, the second fastest shatabdi train, connects the Indian capital of New Delhi to Lucknow. [168] In 2014, the state recorded 365 judicial deaths out of a total 1,530 deaths recorded in the country. [44] Ajmer and Jaipur kingdoms were also included in this northern territory, which was named the "North-Western Provinces" (of Agra). [129] As per World Bank document (released on 2016), the pace of poverty reduction in the state has been slower than the rest of the country. Scrubland trees such as the Babool (Vachellia nilotica) and animals such as the Chinkara (Gazella bennettii) are found in the arid Vindhyas. 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Ganga Mahotsav festival of Holi cities and is also home to three world Heritage sites: Taj... The ground, shrubs and grasses are also divided as the Shias and Sunnis Rohilkhand!