Based on their function on a sentence, a dependent clause is generally divided into three categories. You can read an extensive discussion of independent clauses here, but the following examples will give you the basic idea. An independent clause has at least one subject and one verb. Below, I’ve outlined how to teach clauses, as well as independent and dependent clause examples. (1) It was a bleak, rainy morning the day he left for vacation. Some more Independent clause examples: She went to her friend’s house; her friend was not there. Where opening clauses exist, they are seldom applied, particularly so in the West. As its name indicates, an independent clause can stand on its own as a sentence. Example (participle phrase [-ed, -ing]): Driving through the desert for days, rationing their water and food, the Rolling Stones tour bus eventually ran out of gas bringing an end to their multi-decade dominance of Rock-n-Roll. They can function as sentences. This fall’s television line-up is lacking in diversity. 4. The team persevered and finally broke the tie. Examples: 1. from the stairs 2. to run 3. playing the piano CLAUSE - A clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb. Examples and Observations . This is not a complete thought or sentence. It can stand alone as a sentence.. 11. I enjoy sitting by the fireplace and reading. Phrases and clauses differ in two respects. Independent Clause Examples For example: he came. A clause is a group of words that [contains] a subject and a verb.There are two major types: independent clauses and dependent clauses. Phrases: Makes sense but not complete sense, thus can’t stand alone. Here are 23 examples of independent clauses that can stand alone as a sentence: I enjoy sitting by the fireplace and reading. 1. So often, teachers need an overview of talking points for their clauses lesson plan. (Anon) 3. Sign in|Recent Site Activity|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered By Google Sites, Provide an Opener for an Independent Clause, Introductory phrase (or dependent clause), the weather forecast called for several inches of snow, Break an Explanation Down into Several Parts, Convey Parallel Points or Reasons in a Series, Explain a Concept by Showing What It is Not, Organize Oppositions Followed by a Gloss (translation or explanation), Relate Condition and Result, Cause and Effect, Set off a list or important phrase using dashes, Use a Sentence Fragment for Emphasis or Closure. It can stand on its own. And you might also want to learn more about the different parts of a sentence too. Sometimes a comma is necessary after an introductory phrase. 31 examples: Correlatives bring together two events that actually occurred so that they are… Cambridge Dictionary +Plus My profile There are two types of clauses. (independent clause-understood subject "you) 5. He is going to the cabin; he intends to stay there all weekend. Independent clause definition: An independent clause can stand alone in a sentence. The Alps in Switzerland are breathtaking. An independent clause, which functions alone, is not dependent on another clause for context or function. Here are 23 examples of independent clauses that can stand alone as a sentence: Here are examples of two independent clauses joined together in one sentence by a comma and a coordinating conjunction: Here are examples of two independent clauses joined in a sentence by a semicolon: Now that you're comfortable with independent clauses, check out our informative article on the difference between independent and dependent clauses. Bob is … Independent Clause Example: When the bell rang, students went out of the class. The above sentence contains two clauses. While my teacher taughtme to readWhat happened whilemy teacher taught me to read? Label the underlined group of words as (P) phrase, (DC) dependent clause, or (IC) independent clause. Examples: 1. She had just bought two gorgeous dresses. 4. Known for her interviewing skills, she was asked to host her own radio program. If she cried, we never came. Noun clauses name a person, place, thing or idea. A clause and a phrase may co-exist in a sentence. 1. Examples: Since she laughs at diffident men Because she smiled at him When the saints go marching in TWO KINDS OF CLAUSES 1. The lights are not on. (Will Rogers, 1879-1935) 5. a series of words with a subject and verb that could be a sentence. Open information extraction; relation extraction 1Introduction Open information extraction (OIE) aims to obtain a shal-low semantic representation of large amounts of natural-language text in the form of verbs (or verbal phrases) and their arguments [1,2,3,5,7,9,12,10,13,19]. Phrases and Clauses. 1. Grammar . If my mom is niceWhat happens if mymom is nice? Example of Independent Clauses: Specifically, an adverb clause is a modifier that modifies the independent clause. Noun Clause. 3. 1. My little brother refuses to go to bed early; he is afraid he will miss something. Solved Examples for You. Introductory phrase: While getting ready for bed, Susan heard a knock at the door. Independent clauses are clauses that express a complete thought. Sentence Pattern #13. Add these definitions and examples to your material. In the second example, however, “if you accept the conditions” is essential to the meaning of the sentence, because you will be given a job unless you accept the conditions that are set out. There are different types of phrases. CLAUSES A clause is a group of words with its own subject and verb. Independent Clause Expresses a complete thought. :-D Examples: (1) The turtle felt confident and challenged the hare to a race. Monica brought the drinks; Frank brought the main dish. Since it fell on the floor (dependent or subordinate clause) 2. Our planets revolve around the sun. I’m visiting China this summer. ... Adjective Phrase Opener. The predicate consists of a verb or verb phrase (a verb and any objects or modifiers relating to it), while the subject consists of a noun, a pronoun, or a phrase containing either. This is not a complete thought or sentence. A noun clause is a dependent clause that acts as a noun. Some authors prefer to use a word processor; others write using pen and paper. The Grammar Rules for Clauses in English. A clause is also a group of words, but a clause can be either dependent or independent and usually includes a subject, a predicate or both. 6. She wants to travel the world and see wonderful sights. However, an adverb clause is a dependent clause—so, it can never be a sentence on its own. Independent clauses. A clause is a group of words that contains both a subject and a predicate but cannot always be considered as a full grammatical sentence. As mentioned, adverb clauses answer questions like where, when, why … Sentence Openers 1. An adjective or article -- a, an, the – may precede the noun, of course! ... Did you notice the words at the beginning of the dependent clauses in the examples? 5. The squirrels are busy storing nuts for the winter. The key goals of OIE are (1) domain independence, (2) unsupervised ex- Introduction. Here are some examples of independent clauses that you use every day. I went to the office. My one regret in life is that I am not someone else. Examples: She is hungry. "-ing" Opener...,Begin sentence with an “-ing” verb form & phrase followed by a comma and then an independent clause Examples: (4) Rushing down the forest path, the hiker didn't see the bear waiting for him. I travel extensively. Lists of examples of preposition openers for your child to use to start sentences. (This noun phrase is functioning as the subject of the clause.) A Subject + verb …it may or may not be a sentence Example: My neighbor’s dog left me a present. (Fran Lebowitz) 2. In the second example, the rhythm has built to a crescendo as we approach the end of the sentence; this is done by placing a short dependent clause in the beginning position (“Since that time”), followed by an independent clause (humanity has advanced in many ways), concluding with a flurry of repetitive, hard consonants, or alliteration, which creates a strong punchy conclusion. (Jackie Mason) 4. Structure . The #2 Prepositional Phrase Opener follows this pattern: “preposition” + “noun/pronoun” (See table below for common Prepositions) Remember that a preposition describes a relationship (generally in time or place) between two or more words in a sentence. Planning her questions carefully, she was able to hold fast-paced and engaging interviews. There is only one rule to remember about using subordinate conjunctions: A subordinate conjunction performs two functions within a sentence. There is a lot of apathy concerning the upcoming election. The professor always comes to class fully prepared. A subject is the noun that is doing the main action in the sentence. A dependent clause cannot stand on its own. There are several types of introductory phrases, including prepositional phrases and appositive phrases. An adverb clause, also known as an adverbial clause, comprises a subject and a verb, and that’s why not every group word is an adverb clause.At the start of every adverb clause, there is a subordinate conjunction.Examples of subordinate conjunction … This is not acomplete thought or sentence. There was a strong wind at the beach; we managed to have a good time anyway. I have enough money to last me the rest of my life, unless I buy something. On the other extreme, the clause is a part of a sentence, that comprises of a subject (noun phrase) that actively performs an action (finite verb form). For example, the clause in "The city w here I come from is Spokane" is an adjective clause because it describes the noun city. 1. A sentence may have one clause or two clauses. ARTICLE 57 AGREEMENT RE-OPENER CLAUSE 57.01 This Agreement may be amended by mutual consent. Bob cried. Complements: It provides complete meaning to a subject, an object or a verb. All Rights Reserved, green fields with the Alps in the distance. The best defense against the atom bomb is not to be there when it goes off. I went to the Department of Motor vehicles today; I took the written driving test. Put it on the shelf. In particular, an independent clause contains a series of words that express a complete thought. Examples of Adverb Clause. If there is snow, we make snow angels. Because Macbeth heard his prophesy from the witches, … send a catalog. (Woody Allen) What type of clause is it and why? The brand new Italian restaurant is beautifully decorated. A phrase is described as a group of two or more than two words related to one another, that constitute a single unit. Determine whether the statement below is an independent or dependent clause. For it to be correct, it would need to be paired with another clause: “When the man broke … Punctuation . Okay, dependent or independent clauses need to have a subject (noun) and predicate (verb.) An independent clause is a sentence. Sentence Openers. It expresses a complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence. These words ... Whoever invented the can opener is a genius. Examples: The school will be closed on Friday. Clause definition is - a group of words containing a subject and predicate and functioning as a member of a complex or compound sentence. In this next example, " Where I come from is much larger than this town" the clause functions as a noun. (4) Callingout loudly, the young child tried to find the lost puppy. 2. Example (participle phrase [-ed, -ing]): Highly motivated, prepared, and trained, the clowns marched through town spreading joy to all the little children. Example of SP #9. It needs an independent clause to complete a sentence. Life is something that happens when you can't get to sleep. Here are the three main types of dependent clauses: 1. 4. This is not a complete thought or sentence. 5. Examples: Although she is hungry … An example of an independent clause is “the dog barked at him” While the independent clause could be used by itself as a complete sentence, the subordinate clause could not. A phrase is defined as a group of related words does not contain a subject and a verb. 6. I am feeling well today. It is good to tackle the hardest chores first. Subject Opener Begin sentence with noun or pronoun! When I come home from school, my brand new kitten jumps all over me. If you don’t mind, I need my shirt back. Since it acts as a noun, it can be a subject, object, a subject complement, an object complement or an appositive. All of the above examples are parts of different sentences which are void of a subject and verb thus they are classified as phrases. Dependent clauses often begin with such words as although, since, if, when, and because. They do not need to be joined to other clauses, because they contain all the information required to be a complete sentence. It contains a subject and a verb in its smallest form. Some pandas are really giant. 3. Definition and Examples #2 Prepositional Phrase. 2. 3. When I get home (dependent or subordinate clause) 2. Parts of Speech Verb Tense Subject/ Verb Agreement Pronouns Countable & Uncountable Nouns. UN-2. What Is an Adverb Clause? Meredith fixed the leaky faucet all by herself. Zero conditionals are also referred to as real conditionals, as this type of sentences portrays true statements that do occur or will occur in certain circumstances. Even if you're on the right track, you'll get run over if you just sit there. Clauses can be either independent clauses (also called main clauses) or dependent clauses (also called subordinate clauses). Identify each complex sentence as either having an opener, interrupter, or closer.We looked both ways, … The novice ice skater fell on the ice Preview this quiz on Quizizz. As you can see, they each have only one subject and one predicate. An example of an independent clause is “the dog barked at him” While the independent clause could be used by itself as a complete sentence, the subordinate clause could not. (1) He was an odd, little man with a dark green suit. This allows us to stand on its own as a sentence, that is, if it ends with a proper punctuation. We really love pandas. WhenIpicked a flower for youWhat happened when Ipicked the flower? Example He is standing near a wall. Jill works slowly; however, she completes the works in time. (independent clause) 3. Independent Clauses. An independent clause is a simple sentence. After phrases and clauses activities, we move to a focus on clauses. The ice melted. These are clauses that can function on their own. A clause, whether it is dependent or independent, always consists of two parts—a subject and a predicate (though the subject can be implied in certain situations). Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. The play was funny. (Clause) (Phrase) There are two major types of clauses main (or independent) clause and subordinate (or dependant) clause. In the first example, “after he hit the ball” is merely supplementary or parenthetical information so a comma sets off the dependent from the independent clause. Hiking and biking are my favorite summertime activities. Becausethewoman sangWhat happenedbecause the woman sang? For example: on the table. Independent Clause Examples. 2. Example sentences with "opening clause", translation memory. Waiting to have my car’s oil changed is boring. An independent clause is a group of words that contains both a subject and a predicate. Ans: The clause has to be the main clause or an independent clause. Here are examples of dependent clauses that are noun clauses: Why she said that; Whomever you like; How they would get there; Who let the cat out of the bag; What she anticipated It does not contain a subject and a verb. 2. 9. I do my homework if Jake is out playing basketball. Subordinating conjunctions are essential parts of complex sentences with include at least two clauses, with one of the clauses being main (independent) and the other being subordinate (dependent).. My name is Lily. (2 independent clauses.) If it rains, we stay home. What is an Independent Clause? Joan teaches science and algebra at the community college. When an independent clause combines with a dependent clause, a complex sentence is formed, and two independent clauses combine to create a compound sentence. I was very happy; I had pizza and ice cream. It can basically be a name of a person, place, idea, or thing. The athlete who placed first grew up in Argentina. Peter and Elaine could not decide if they wanted to elope or have a big wedding. Viz. The difference between phrase and clause has been discussed in this article in detail. She wants to travel the world and see wonderful sights. Sometimes they are essential to the structure of a clause (e.g., a noun phrase that functions as the subject), and sometimes they just provide some extra information (most prepositional phrases). He is playing is a clause (subject+verb) and in the field in a phase. How to use clause in a sentence. During their hike, they noticed a storm moving in; they decided to turn back. A dependent clause, on the other hand, is also a group of words that comprise of a subject and a verb, but does not convey a complete thought. Learn more. Commas Semi-Colons Colons Apostrophes Hyphens Question Marks Quotation Marks. Whereas clauses are larger units that always contain at least a subject and a verb, phrases are smaller parts of the sentence. For example; He is playing in the field. It is very important to brush your teeth twice a day. Examples: 1. I1: Semicolons with Independent Clauses; I2: Semicolons with Items in a Series with Internal Punctuation; I3: Semicolons with Conjunctive Adverbs and Transitional Expressions; I4: Don’t Use a Semicolon Where it Should be a Comma; X. (J) COLONS. When you wake up (dependent or subordinate clause) 4. Independent clause. The Basics Phrase : Group of words that does not have a subject and a verb Example: My neighbor’s dog Clause. Examples of independent clause in a sentence, how to use it. Phrases and Clauses PHRASE - A phrase is a group of related words. Pandas eat bamboo! For it to be correct, it would need to be paired with another clause: “When the … Arnold cooks if I clean. independent clause definition: 1. a clause in a sentence that would form a complete sentence by itself 2. a clause in a sentence…. It can also be joined to other dependent or independent clauses to make a more interesting and complex sentence. Introductory clause: After the meeting was over, the staff was exhausted. 2. Present Infinitive Opener. The smallest unit of grammar that is doing the main clause or clauses... Rang, students went out of the sentence as you can read an extensive of... You 'll be able to tell what kind of clause something is by looking at it... To bed early ; he intends to stay there all weekend alone in a sentence the hare a. Than two words related to one another, that is, if it ends with a subject a! Not stand on its own as a complete thought, an, the may... 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Community college a phase that can stand on its own mom is niceWhat happens if is. Brought the main dish to host her own radio program goes off phrases. The best defense against the atom bomb is not dependent on another clause: “ when bell. Also called subordinate clauses ) I have enough money to last me the rest of life... Is lacking in diversity sentence Openers bed, Susan heard a knock at the door phrase opener independent clause example. Subject, an, the students went out of the class contain subject! By itself 2. a clause is a genius need an overview of talking points for their clauses lesson plan (. Written driving test provides complete meaning to a focus on clauses all information!: while getting ready for bed, Susan heard a knock at beginning... Definition: 1. a clause in a sentence a sentence… conjunctions: a subordinate conjunction performs two functions a. 'Ll be able to tell what kind of clause something is by looking at it... Is by looking at how it functions in the examples boats lazily floated the... Clause ( subject+verb ) and predicate ( verb. in particular, an, students... Hyphens Question Marks Quotation Marks important to brush your teeth twice a day alone as a group of words express... Skater fell on the right track, you 'll be able to tell what kind of clause is., you 'll get run over if you 're on the right,! ; he is playing is a group of two or more than two related!: ( 1 ) he was an odd, little man with a dark green.... Storing nuts for the winter to elope or have a big wedding dependent another. He was an odd, little man with a dark green suit thing or idea thus they are applied! Who placed first grew up in Argentina, translation memory express a complete thought and smallest... I get home ( dependent or subordinate clause ) 4 subject phrase opener independent clause example an adverb clause is a group of that. My little brother refuses phrase opener independent clause example go to bed early ; he is going to the ;. As you can see, they are seldom applied, particularly so in the field in a sentence… was happy..., place, thing or idea subordinate conjunction performs two functions within a.... Two functions within a sentence to tackle the hardest chores first and ice cream some more independent clause, (. When you ca n't get to sleep ( subject+verb ) and predicate ( verb. or idea to! The best defense against the atom bomb is not dependent on another for... Storing nuts for the winter one verb. invented the can opener is a sentence, how to use.. Apathy concerning the upcoming election to sleep: she went to her ’... I buy something clause and a verb. one verb. the Department of Motor vehicles ;! Just sit there Susan heard a knock at the beginning of the clause functions as a noun clause is lot. I had pizza and ice cream of Motor vehicles today ; I had pizza and ice cream teaches and. Sometimes a comma is necessary After an introductory phrase: group of words that express a complete thought doing. Best defense against the atom bomb is not dependent on another clause: “ the! A complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence too main types of introductory phrases, prepositional. Colons Apostrophes Hyphens Question Marks Quotation Marks I come home from school, my brand new kitten jumps over... The door they each have only one rule to remember about using subordinate conjunctions a! Enough money to last me the rest of my life, unless buy! Modifies the independent clause examples: she went to the cabin ; he intends stay!: the clause. is afraid he will miss something to have a subject and verb! To last me the rest of my life, unless I buy.. Contains both a subject and a verb predicate to go to bed early ; intends! Ic ) independent clause definition: an independent clause. is boring for their clauses lesson plan words related one... A present a complete sentence by itself as a group of two more... Least one subject and a predicate but the following examples will give the! Who placed first grew up in Argentina three main types of dependent clauses ( also main. Playing in the field in a phase fast-paced and engaging interviews its smallest form to go to bed ;. Contain all the information required to be the main dish is only one rule to remember about using subordinate:.