6 In the year that s King Uzziah died I t saw the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up; and the train 1 of his robe filled the temple. That he was most eminently and unquestionably holy in his present work of judgment, and in all his ways; such repetitions being very frequent in Scripture, for the greater assurance of the thing, as Jeremiah 7:4 Ezekiel 21:9. 1 In the year of the death of King Uzziah, I saw the Lord sitting on a high and exalted throne, and His lower extremity filled the Temple. This design of the work of God stands before God as eternally present; and the seraphim also have it ever before them in its ultimate completion, as the theme of their song of praise. Their bodies, their minds, and all their external circumstances are perpetually changing. Gordon Churchyard. 1. The Chaldee has rendered this, ‹Holy in the highest heavens, the house of his majesty; holy upon the earth, the work of his power; holy forever, and ever, and ever, is the Lord of hosts.‘ The whole expression is a most sublime ascription of praise to the living God, and should teach us in what manner to approach him. Compare the threefold blessing of Numbers 6:24-26 and Revelation 4:8, a threefold unity. The revelation of the glory of the LORD was the foundation; it led to a response of confession, which brought cleansing, which in turn enabled him to hear the Word of God, which carried a commissio… The angels of God behold Him here forming the moral characters of men for eternity. The Jewish Church is often thought to have worshipped God only in His lonely, distant majesty. When we read the highest expression of the conscious union of our Lord with His Father, this doctrine of love again and again appears. Holy, holy, holy - The “repetition” of a name, or of an expression, three times, was quite common among the Jews. Is God holy? Bible Knowledge Commentary on Isaiah 30:23–26 - Isaiah then described what times will be like when the people live according to God’s Word and are obedient to Him. Most commentators, however, have supposed that there is here a reference to the doctrine of the Trinity. (1-8) The Lord declares the blindness to come upon the Jewish nation, and the destruction which would follow. These beautiful words from Isaiah 6:3 have inspired countless songs, poems, and sermons. It may be presumed that they have explored the whole circle of creation, which, though widely extended, is certainly limited, and capable of being surveyed by finite beings. Ezra 3:11. By "glory" we mean the outward show or state attendant upon dignity or rank. And one cried to another.] 3. Indeed, many interpreters conclude that Isaiah 6:1-8 represents not Isaiah’s call, but rather something like a renewal-of-call experience or a re-commissioning for a new situation that was precipitated by the death of King Uzziah in 742 BCE (or … Continue reading "Commentary on Isaiah 6:1-8" Ver. God subjects mankind to greater, more numerous and more surprising changes than He does any other of His intelligent creatures. 3. In this study we’ll see them in context as we witness Isaiah’s response when he encounters the holiness of God. Holy, Holy, Holy” The primary thrust of the 3-fold repetition of God’s holiness (called the trihagion), is … To an immediate application to the blood of sprinkling. Jehovah lift up his countenance upon thee. This opening of "the eyes of his heart" was God's gift, God's call to him. B. F. Westcott, Christus Consummator, p. 163. One set commenced, and the others responded, either repeating the “ Holy, holy, holy,” or following with “ filling the whole earth is His glory .” Isaiah heard this antiphonal or “hypophonal” song of the seraphim, not merely that he might know that the uninterrupted worship of God was their blessed employment, but because it was with this doxology as with the doxologies of the Apocalypse, it had a certain historical significance in common with the whole scene. The Pythagoreans said that numbers were the first principle of all things; but the Scriptures, according to which God created the world in twice three days by ten mighty words, and completed it in seven days, teach us that God is the first principle of all numbers. He who has inspired human nature with true impulses of justice and generosity, of sympathy and love, with admiration for the heroic and noble, with scorn for the ignoble and the mean, cannot but be possessed of a kindred character Himself. (J. F.Denham, M. (9-13) Commentary on Isaiah 6:1-8 (Read Isaiah 6:1-8) In this figurative vision, the temple is thrown open to view, even to the most holy place. Try it free for 30 days. The vision which Isaiah beheld in the temple. It is more than the particular attribute of power or wisdom; it is the entire fulness of the Godhead, visible to the eye of faith, if not to the eye of sense, in the concrete works of nature, arresting the spectator and claiming from him the tribute of praise and homage. If believers are holy, God made them so. The Hebrews usually expressed the superlative degree by the repetition of a word. Holiness is distinctness from all that is not divine, especially in reference to ethical behavior. 1. How much they secure, who embrace the Gospel! ; the earth is his, and all that is in it, and all declare his glory; see Revelation 4:8. The whole expression is a most sublime ascription of praise to the living God, and should teach us in what manner to approach him. But not only does the seraphic hymn celebrate the Divine nature in its own transcendent purity and perfection, it celebrates it as it is manifested in the material world: "the fulness of the whole earth is His glory." Prael. The Christian Church has always thought the doctrine of the Trinity to be implied in this threefold repetition of holy: as it is also intimated in several other passages of the Old Testament, particularly in that form commanded to be used in blessing the people, Numbers 6:24-26; and Isaiah 48:16, of this book;” where see the notes. If God was to the Jews Immanuel, God with us, in Jesus Christ He has come yet closer to us. God‘s holiness is the keynote of Isaiah‘s whole prophecies. Rashi (the 12th century French commentator), quoting the Talmud (Hagigah 14a), says that these curses mount up to a climax, the worst of all of them being: "The child shall behave insolently against the aged." I. At Christ’s entrance on His ministry this truth shines out not so much as dogma but as fact. Glory — Of the effects and demonstrations of his glorious holiness, as well as of his power, wisdom, and goodness. The angels of light have never been subjected to any great or peculiar changes since their creation; and evil angels have experienced but one great and dreadful change. Holy, holy, holy. Notwithstanding these considerations, the providence of God affords the most abundant testimony to His holiness. The vision of God is the call of the prophet. We can at once understand that such a vision, such a revelation taken into the soul, was for Isaiah an illumination of the world. Not a mere orthodox profession will bless us, but the sanctifying power of this creed in our hearts. BY APPEALING TO THE EXPRESS TESTIMONY OF REVELATION. This lies in a region far above it. When God laid the foundation of the earth, they sang together and shouted for joy. If it was Isaiah's call to the prophetic office, why should it have been placed this deep into the prophecy? Isaiah 6records the “call” of the young prophet to the difficult task of preaching a message of judgment to the nation. He bears witness of that which he has seen. And being spirits, unencumbered by such gross bodies as we have, they have always been capable of passing from world to world, and from one part of the universe to another, with inconceivable ease and rapidity. II. Above it — Or, rather, above him, as ממעל לו might be better rendered; stood the seraphim — As ministers attending upon their Lord, and waiting to receive and execute his commands. Isaiah 6:3 "And one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, [is] the LORD of hosts: the whole earth [is] full of his glory." Most commentators, however, have supposed that there is here a reference to the doctrine of the Trinity. The whole earth; not only Canaan, to which the Jews did vainly and arrogantly confine the presence of God, but all the world; which seems to have a respect to the conversion of the Gentiles, which did accompany the plenary and last execution of this judgment here threatened against the Jewish nation, Isaiah 6:10, as is evident by comparing this with Matthew 13:14,15 Ac 28:26,27, and other places of the New Testament. Jehovah lift up his countenance upon thee. (Re 4:8). But the more simple and natural interpretation is, that the glory of God fills the whole world, or is spread through every region of the earth. This Divine love, I repeat, as being the very nature of God, was felt by the prophets of Israel to be dwelling in them, immanent in their nation. I. This is one of the most famous chapters in the whole prophecy, but there is this mystery about it, namely, that nobody knows for sure just where it belongs chronologically. God"s glory refers to the outshining of His person. When he associates us with angels, it is in order that, while we sojourn on earth, we may resemble and be joined to the inhabitants of heaven. II. (Revelation 4:8). ... Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary. Isaiah 6:3 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Isaiah 6:3, NIV: "And they were calling to one another: 'Holy, holy, holy is the LORD Almighty; the whole earth is full of his glory.'" God has established such a connection between one creature and another in this world as He has not, as we know, anywhere else established. To gain a fuller appreciation … Continue reading "Commentary on Isaiah 60:1-6" Show content in: English Both Hebrew. I. GOD’S HOLINESS AS INHERENT IN HIMSELF. “The Lord his God is with him, and the shout of a king is among them.” Observe what this teaching or this consciousness implies. 2. If the angels of heaven discover the brightest displays of the glory of God in this world, then all real Christians have great advantages, while they are passing through the changing scenes of life, to make constant and swift advances in Divine knowledge. And one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy. Nowhere is the thought presented to us in the Bible with more moving force than in the record of Isaiah's mission. An integrated digital Bible study library - including complete notes from the Believer's Bible Commentary and the Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible (NIV and NRSV) - is just a step away! Deut. Indications of plurality in unity meet us in the first chapter of the Bible (Genesis 1:26-27), “Our image.” “His image.” This becomes more definite as we advance (Numbers 6:22-27). He saw that which is, and not that which appears when we recall what Judaism was at the time,—local, rigid, exclusive. Powered by … 2. With what feelings of adoring reverence and humility was it beheld by the holy inhabitants of heaven! He who now came forth to public view is God, at the sight of whom the very angels tremble, whose praises they continually and loudly utter, and whom, in a word, they serve and obey; but men, whom he had been pleased to adopt as his children, obstinately and rebelliously opposed him. 3 And one called to another and said: u "Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of hosts; v the whole earth is full of his glory!" xix., at the beginning. To intimate the Trinity of persons united in the Divine essence; or. And from that day to this, they have been more or less concerned in executing the purposes of God respecting” mankind. vi., p. 362. It is certain from the language of these holy beings that they delightfully contemplate the glory of God; and especially in this world, where it is most clearly displayed. and said, holy, holy, holy is the Lord of hosts; this expresses the subject matter of the Gospel ministry, respecting the holiness of God; all the doctrines of the Gospel are pure and holy, and have a tendency to promote holiness of heart and life, and are agreeable to the holiness of God, and in them the holiness of God in each of the divine Persons is declared; particularly the Gospel ministry affirms that there is one God, who is the Lord of hosts, of armies above and below, of angels and men; that there are three Persons in the Godhead, Father, Son, and Spirit; and that each of these three are glorious in holiness; there is the Holy Father, and the Holy Son, and the Holy Ghost, and the holiness of them is displayed in each of the doctrines of grace: the holiness of the Father appears in the choice of persons to eternal life, through sanctification of the Spirit; in the covenant of grace, which provides for the holiness of covenant ones; and in the justification of his people through Christ, and redemption by him, whereby the honour of his justice and holiness is secured: the holiness of the Son appears in his incarnation and life; in redemption from sin by him, and in satisfying for it, and justifying from it: and the holiness of the Spirit is seen in the doctrines of regeneration and sanctification, ascribed unto him. The event which first claims our regard, as being the first in the order of time, is the condemnation of the apostate angels. whole earth — the Hebrew more emphatically, the fulness of the whole earth is His glory (Psalm 24:1; Psalm 72:19). No doubt men are accustomed to say three times what they wish to say in an exhaustive and satisfying manner; for three is the number of expanded unity, of satisfied and satisfying development, of the key-note extended into the chord. Nowhere else in the Old Testament is there another threefold repetition of God"s holiness, but there is in the New ( Revelation 4:8). 3:1 The Lord . [Note: Ortlund, p77.]. 4. And while some maintained their integrity and attachment to God, others renounced their allegiance and rose in rebellion against their supreme Sovereign. Isaiah: New *Heavens and a New Earth. They are inexplicable except on the ground that a mysterious trinity existed in the unity of the Godhead, This mystery was breaking out amidst the shadows of the darker dispensation. It is difficult to think that we are mistaken in tracing it in the constitution of human nature, in the affections and aspirations which it displays, in the conditions upon which social life is observed to depend. The whole earth is full of his glory; as it was when Christ dwelt in it, wrought his miracles, and manifested forth his glory, and when his Gospel was preached everywhere by his apostles; and as it will be, more especially in the latter day, when it will be filled with the knowledge of the Lord; when the kingdoms of this world will become his, and his kingdom will be everywhere, even from sea to sea, and from the rivers to the ends of the earth; and this is what Gospel ministers declare will be: or "the fulness of the whole earth is his glory" (m); the earth is his, and all that is in it, and all declare his glory; see Revelation 4:8. He is holy." His promise, His covenant, His commandment, His law, His sabbath, His people, His prophets, His angels, His Son, His Spirit, are all respectively called holy in numerous passages. It is visible, 2. Though the rays are broken and the image is obscured, the moral glory of the Creator shines in the world; it is reflected in the verdict of the individual conscience; it is latent in the ethical sanctions upon which the permanence and welfare of society depends. This is a verse by verse, phrase by phrase, occasionally even word by word 178 page commentary from a literal, pre-millennial perspective. 3.Cried unto another — If more than two, then they stood in opposite rows, each side the throne, and responded each singly to his opposite fellow, after the manner of an antiphonal service. References: Isaiah 6:3-13. Gram." Though the rays are broken and the image is obscured, the moral glory of the Creator shines in the world; it is reflected in the verdict of the individual conscience; it is latent in the ethical sanctions upon which the permanence and welfare of society depends. It came out most distinctly in the New Testament. Holy — This is repeated thrice, to intimate the Trinity of persons united in the Divine essence. 1. With Bible Gateway Plus, you gain instant access to a digital Bible study library, including complete notes from the NIV Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible and the New Bible Commentary. then how base and sinful is the hatred of holiness! The whole earth is full of his glory; as it was when Christ dwelt in it, wrought his miracles, and manifested forth his glory, and when his Gospel was preached everywhere by his apostles; and as it will be, more especially in the latter day, when it will be filled with the knowledge of the Lord; when the kingdoms of this world will become his, and his kingdom will be everywhere, even from sea to sea, and from the rivers to the ends of the earth; and this is what Gospel ministers declare will be: or "the fulness of the whole earth is his glory"F13מלא כל הארץ כבודו "plenitudo totius terrae gloria ejus", Montanus; "quicquid replet terram est gloria ejus", Piscator. God"s glory fills the earth in that the revelation of God"s attributes fills the earth (cf. We consider holiness as essential to the very being of God. That there was a distinct reference to the second person of the Trinity, is clear from what John says, John 12:41. As made known to the inhabitants of earth in the moral law and in the glorious Gospel. We refer to the original state of all rational and immortal beings. They go with Him, so to speak, into the place into which He is withdrawn, that He may abide among them. That the harmony between us and the angels may be in every respect complete, we must take care not only that the praises of God may be sounded by our tongues, but likewise that all the actions of our life may correspond to our professions; and this will only be done if the chief aim of our actions be the glory of God. Nowhere is the thought presented to us in the Bible with more moving force than in the record of Isaiah's mission. The unity and Trinity are insinuated. The angels of God see Him, in this world, continually calling off mankind from the stage of life and from the state of probation into their eternal states. Pictured as visible splendour, it may impress the eye of flesh; but any other worthy manifestation of the being of God may be not less truly termed His glory. If angels view this world as the most important and interesting part of the creation, then secure sinners are extremely stupid. They have How much they reject, who reject the Gospel! In accordance with this, the Psalmist, in a most beautiful composition, calls upon all things to praise him; see Psalm 148:1-14. Knobel contents himself with saying that the threefold repetition of the word “holy” serves to give it the greater emphasis. If the glory of a prince consists in the multitude of His subjects, then the glory of God must be displayed by the vast numbers of rational and immortal beings which He brings into existence in this part of His dominions. They have been friendly to God, and taken pleasure in contemplating the displays of His glory. The holiness of God may be established--. What is the glory of God? The whole earth is full of his glory.] It is difficult to think that we are mistaken in tracing it in the constitution of human nature, in the affections and aspirations which it displays, in the conditions upon which social life is observed to depend. It is the glory of Love. A whole Trinity of grace, and love, and power! And one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord of hosts. II. Besides many passages which assert the Deity of Christ and of the Spirit take three cardinal passages (Matthew 3:16-17; Matthew 28:19; 2 Corinthians 13:14). Isaiah 6:3: And they were calling to one another: "Holy, holy, holy is the Lord Almighty; the whole earth is full of his glory." 30:23–24). The present life, amid other purposes, serves that of a state of trial; it is impossible, therefore, that in it a complete exhibition of His holiness can be made. It was because He was infinitely displeased with sin that the Lord was pleased to bruise His Son and put Him to grief. Assuming that that doctrine is true, it cannot be doubted, think, that the seraphs laid the foundation of their praise in that doctrine. Let us now produce some evidence of this truth. Thus Jerome observes the design of their hymn was “to show that there is a Trinity in the one Godhead; and to testify, that, not the Jewish temple, as formerly, (for that was to be forsaken of God,) but the whole earth was full of his glory:” namely, of the effects and demonstrations of his glorious holiness, as well as of his power, wisdom, and goodness. But there is another side to this teaching. Isaiah’s Vision of the Lord. 1. References: Isaiah 6:3.—B. Try it free for 30 days! Isaiah is overwhelmed by God's sovereignty displayed by radiant purity and a feeling of terrifying but controlled power. The whole earth - Margin, 'The earth is the fulness of his glory.' THE EFFECTS WHICH THE CONTEMPLATION OF IT SHOULD PRODUCE ON US. 3. The very porch of the church, facing the world, has “the name” (not names) of Father, Son, and Holy Ghost inscribed on it. Thus, Jeremiah 22:29 : 'O earth, earth, earth, hear the word of the Lord;' Ezekiel 21:27 : 'I will overturn, overturn, overturn;' see also 1 Samuel 18:23 : 'O my son Absalom! Holiness denotes, fundamentally, a state of freedom from all imperfection, specially from all moral imperfection; a state, moreover, realised with such intensity as to imply not only the absence of evil, but antagonism to it. It may be best to say that the elaborate material recorded here actually looks at how the sovereign LORD inspired the young prophet for service. THE SUBLIME REPRESENTATION WHICH IS MADE OF THE HOLINESS OF JEHOVAH. A.). {as Jeremiah 22:20 Matthew 23:39} The ingemination importeth strong affection. Everything too that has the slightest relation to Him is said to be holy, as partaking of this essential perfection of His nature: hence, His name is said to be holy. Two of the Divine attributes form the theme of the seraphs’ hymn. He is holy. But he who has beheld the least fragment of the Divine glory, he who has spelt out in letters of light on the face of the world one syllable of the Triune Name, will have a confidence and a power which nothing else can bring. The whole earth, with all its mountains, seas, streams, trees, animals, and people, lay the foundation of his praise. Words in boxes are from the Bible. Bible Search: Go! A. II. II. my son, my son;‘ see also the repetition of the form of benediction among the Jews, Numbers 6:24-26: Jehovah make his face to shine upon thee. Isaiah's Vision of the Lord - They were calling out to each other, “Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of Heaven’s Armies! No “argument” can be drawn directly from this in favor of the doctrine of the Trinity, for the repetition of such phrases thrice in other places, is merely “emphatic,” denoting the superlative degree. 5. . THE SCRIPTURES PRESENT THIS MYSTERY IN A PRACTICAL ASPECT. (where see notes) plainly indicates the trinity. God's holiness is the keynote of Isaiah's whole prophecies. The holiness of God appears in the sanctifying work of the Holy Spirit in the hearts of believers, and in all the means appointed for that purpose. BY APPEALING TO THE CONDUCT OF GOD AS IT IS RECORDED IN THE SCRIPTURES. Figure of speech Epizeuxis for intense and solemn emphasis. xix. The twain are one. Glory. doth take away … stay and staff. The holiness of God appears from the positive, uniform, repeated testimony of the sacred writers. And to this agrees the prophecy which immediately follows, (verse 10,) about the blinding of the Jews, which opened up for the Gentiles admission into the Church of God; for they occupied that place which the Jews had forsaken and left empty. 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