It was introduced to Florida in the 1940s. Elongated, linear, willow-like, dark green leaves (6 to 12 inches long) that are often tinged with purple. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Mexican-petunia can also resprout from crowns or rootstocks when cut back or killed back by frost. Ruellia Simplex. While it seeds freely, keep in mind that some cultivars are sterile ('Purple Showers'), in which case they may spread by rhizomes. Diseases, Insects, and Other Plant Problems: No serious insect or disease problems. Ruellia simplex, commonly called Mexican petunia or Texas petunia, is a vigorous, shrubby, woody-based, rhizomatous perennial that is grown as an annual north of USDA Zone 8.It is native to Mexico, but has escaped gardens and naturalized somewhat aggressively in parts of the southeastern U. S. from South Carolina to Texas plus Hawaii, Puerto Rico and the U. Established plants have respectable drought tolerance. The plant grows somewhat tall, to about 20 inches, though individual plants don’t spread wide. The plant extract exhibits antityphoid and antifungal activities. Caribbean, Central and South America, Mexico, Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). The Mexican petunia (Ruellia brittoniana) is a beautiful addition to a flowering backyard retreat.As a hardy perennial (you only need to plant them once), the Mexican petunia is one of several desert plants that are recommended for warm, dry climates. So, what is ruellia and can this Mexican native be cultivated in our own home garden landscape? Ruellia brittoniana Leonard Ruellia caerulea Morong Ruellia coerulea Morong, orth. Scientific names include Ruellia brittoniana, R. coerulea and R. tweediana, but taxonomists now use the name Ruellia simplex, which was the first name used to describe this species. Purchase this ready-to-use herbicidal liquid from your local home improvement retailer or nursery location. Ruellia simplex - Desert Petunia. How Ruellia Tuberosa is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Seeds generally have high germination rates, and can germinate in both light and dark conditions. Ruellia tuberosa (L.) is commonly known as "Cracker plant" (Pandey 2005, Medicinal plants of the Guiana's and Chothani et al. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Flowers are trumpet shaped (1-1/2 to 3 inches in diameter), solitary or borne in clusters at the tips of the stems, and are attractive to butterflies, bees and other pollinators. (misapplied) Ruellia tweedianaGriseb. • No reported folkloric medicinal use in the Philippines. Veins are prominent on the underside of the leaf. Keep reading to learn more about growing ruellia. Seeds persist in the soil. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Plants may spread invasively by self-seeding and rhizomes. Mexican-petunia is able to tolerate a wide range of environmental conditions including variations in light, temperature, and moisture. Méd. A single spray of a 2% foliar application of glyphosate will control small areas of Mexican-petunia; however, if the area of established plants is large or especially dense, then a second herbicide application may be needed after 2 to 3 months. This genus is well studied in its biological and phytochemical aspects. Medicinal applications In Suriname’s traditional medicine it is used as an anthelmintic, against joint pains and strained muscles; bladder diseases. Several species of Ruellia are ornamentals, and others have been noted for their local, medicinal uses (e. g., for the treatment of headaches, dizziness, used to make teas, eye drops, and leaves smoked to induce hallucinations; see Daniel 2004 and Wasshausen 2005). It is seldom damaged by deer. It was introduced to Florida in the 1940s. It is important to install appropriate plant material into bare areas in the home-landscape. R. simplex, the name of a species described from material collected in Cuba in 1870, is the oldest name for the Neotropical species generally known as Ruellia tweediana, Ruellia coerulea and Ruellia malacosperma. Wild Mexican-petunia must be removed completely, both above and belowground, or it will continue to resprout. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. The wild form has purple flowers, and is native to Mexico, Western South America and the Antilles. Ci. Habana 6: 321 1869. Established plants can further spread by rhizome production. Ruellia simplex, or Mexican petunia, is a herbaceous evergreen perennial of the Acanthaceae family.It is sometimes named Ruellia brittoniana, but R. simplex is preferred, as it is the name first given to the plant when described in Cuba. © 2021 University of Florida / IFAS / Center for Aquatic & Invasive Plants Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Plants branch from the ground into several woody-based stems. Gardeners have traditionally used Mexican petunia to add height to perennial borders, since it can grow up to three feet tall. Beloved by many gardeners for its heat tolerance and shade-loving nature, but reviled by others for its eagerness to spread with abandon, R. simplex can be divisive. The root and leaf for alleviating retention of urine. Plant database entry for Mexican Petunia (Ruellia simplex 'Southern Star Blue') with one image and 35 data details. Capsules have explosive dehiscence and seeds are spread long distances. Saved by Miguel Perez. 5 out of 5 stars (74) 74 reviews $ 21.00. 2010 07 15070 5450 Amis Folk Center Taiwan.JPG 4,272 × 2,848; 3.41 MB It is sometimes named Ruellia brittoniana, but R. simplex is preferred, as it is the name first given to the plant when described in Cuba. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Ruellia Tuberosa. Mexican-petunia (also known as Mexican bluebell or Britton’s petunia) is described as a “hardy perennial edging plant for flower beds and as colorful groundcovers.” Scientific names include Ruellia brittoniana, R. coerulea and R. tweediana, but taxonomists now use the name Ruellia simplex, which was the first name used to describe this species. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to • In Trinidad and Tobago, used as a "cooling" agent, for urinary problems and high cholesterol. However, Mexican petunia (Ruellia simplex*) has been classified as a highly invasive plant in Florida. Ruellia simplex, or Mexican petunia, is a herbaceous evergreen perennial of the Acanthaceae family. Best flowering is in full sun. Ruellia asperula was used in bronchitis, asthma, flu, fever and uterus inflamma- tion (7). Outline Background on Mexican Petunia Experiments to Inform Revegetation Future Research to Refine Management (Herbicide + Revegetation) •Introduced for … In fertile forms, cylindrical fruit or capsules containing 4 to 28 seeds are produced. Florida Flowers Desert Flowers Petunias Deserts Plants Names Gardening Desserts Lawn And Garden. The record derives from WCSP (in review) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Anales Acad. Flowers are followed by bean-like pods (to 1” long) which explosively dehisce mature seed in all directions. Ruellia simplex C.Wright is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Ruellia (family Acanthaceae). Therefore R. simplex has priority and reduces the latter names to … Native to Argentina, Brazil and Mexico, this plant likes a warm and humid environment. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. How to Grow Ruellia Plants Guide to Growing Wild petunia, Common Ruellia, and Fever root. Names of Ruellia Tuberosa in various languages of the world are also given. It thrives as a marginal water plant and in boggy soils. Native alternatives to Mexican-petunia for use in home landscaping include wild petunia (Ruellia caroliniensis), blue curls (Trichostema dichotomum), butterflyweed (Asclepias tuberosa), or swamp milkweed (Asclepias perennis). Leaf margins are can be smooth or wavy. Flowers typically bloom from May to September. Ruellia prostrate leaf is used in the treatment of chronic rheumatism, eczema, facial paralysis, cephalgia and hemiplegia. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes. Also used as abortifacient. From shop Islandherbsandspices. Reinvasion and/or occurrence of new invaders can be a problem in home-gardens; therefore we recommend that herbicide treatments be followed by replanting with native or appropriate non-aggressive ornamental plants. Mexican petunia prefers medium to wet soil that is fertile and well drained and full sun to partial shade, although flowering is best in full sun. Ruellia brevifolia is an interesting, delicate looking plant. Mexican-petunia (also known as Mexican bluebell or Britton's petunia) is described as a "hardy perennial edging plant for flower beds and as colorful groundcovers." UF Privacy Policy Instead, plants can be dug up with a shovel, with the aim to remove the entire root mass. Evergreen for winter interest. This plant thrives in moist, fertile, humusy but well-drained soils. It is a versatile plant that tolerates an extremely wide range of growing conditions. Glyphosate can be applied at any time of year for Mexican-petunia control in the home-landscape. Scientific: Ruellia brittoniana (synonym R. malacosperma) Common: purple ruellia Family: Acanthaceae Origin: Mexico Pronounciation: Ru-EL-lee-a brit-toe-nee-A-na Hardiness zones Sunset 12-24 USDA 8 (freeze damage), 9-11. var. Plants also tol… Cut back stems after flowering to encourage new flowers. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Ruellia, White Ruellia (Ruellia simplex) 'Alba' supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden. • In Suriname's traditional medicine, used as anthelmintic; for joint pains and muscle strain. Many ready-mixed and readily available herbicides can successfully reduce Mexican-petunia cover, including glyphosate, which can be purchased by home-owners at most retail garden stores under the trade name Roundup. They are generally found growing under trees. Medicinal uses: Since ancient times, Kariyat is used as a wonder drug in traditional Siddha and Ayurvedic systems of medicine as well as in tribal medicine in India and some other countries for multiple clinical applications.The therapeutic value of Kalmegh is due to its mechanism of action which is perhaps by enzyme induction. It also does well in average garden soils with even moisture. If you are planning to apply an herbicide, be aware of and follow all instructions and safety precautions outlined on the package. Notwithstanding its excellent flowering attributes, this species is currently listed as a Category One invasive species by the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council (FEPPC) because it has been found to invade natural areas and displace native flora in the State of Florida. Winter hardy to USDA Zone 8 (marginally hardy in Zone 7 with protection and mulch) where it is best grown in medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. ABSTRACT: Ruellia species belong to Acanthaceae family, and are perennial creepers with widespread medicinal uses including analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. That said, Mexican petunia is a tolerant plant willing to grow well in boggy wet conditions, soil that varies from wet to dry, high heat and humidity, and once established, does well in drought conditions. Environmental tolerance, abundant seed production, and an ability to easily grow from plant stem sections (Reinhardt Adams, personal communication) have allowed Mexican petunia to spread into natural areas bordering urban areas. 2010). Easy to care for and great for use as coverage, ruellia plants offer unique beauty to landscape areas. Ruellia malacosperma Greenm. The wild form has purple flowers, and is native to Mexico, Western South America and the Antilles. The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. Mexican Petunia (Ruellia simplex), Pink Flowering, Shade- and Drought Tolerant, Deer Resistant Perennial Bush, 25+ seeds, Easy Grower ... Duppy Gun – Ruellia Tuberosa - Medicinal Herb Islandherbsandspices. Mexican petunia is a vigorous (some say aggressive), shrubby, woody-based plant is that is easy to propagate by cuttings, division and seed. If the area of established wild Mexican-petunia is large, then an herbicide application might be needed. Mowing, tillage or weed-eating the tops off Mexican-petunia will not remove the plants entirely. List of various diseases cured by Ruellia Tuberosa. Flowers freely but each flower blooms for only one day. 3. An infusion is used for cleansing the blood. Mexican-petunia is a perennial in zones 8 to 11 that stands up to 3 feet in height. Ruellia are hardy and half hardy perennial sub shrubs that reach from 30 to 90 cm in height.. Ruellia simplex (Britton’s Wild Petunia, Desert/Mexican Petunia, Mexican Bluebell) Ruellia simplex or better known by its synonyms R. brittoniana and R. tweediana, is a delightful plant to have in one’s home garden.We got several plants in three small poly bags for a steal… really dirt cheap for just RM10. Google Privacy Policy | Treat the ruellia patch with a glyphosate, or an equivalently based, herbicidal spray. Ruellia (roo-EL-ee-uh) Species: simplex (SIM-plecks) Cultivar: Mayan Purple: Additional cultivar information: (R10-102 PP 24,422) Hybridized : by Freyre, Moseley, Knox, and … Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. The flowers are quite dramatic, but each flower blooms for one day. Answer: Neither Ruellia brittonianna (Mexican petunia) nor any other species of Ruellia appear in any of the following toxic plant databases: Poisonous … Five lobed, petunia-like, lavender to violet flowers bloom from the upper leaf axils in loose purple-stemmed clusters. Stands of Mexican-petunia can also spread via underground stems or rhizomes. The objective of this study was to determine the qualitative phytochemical constituents and anti-oxidant activity of crude extracts from whole plant parts of Kenyan Ruellia species viz. The Plants Database includes the following 27 species of Ruellia . It has become a widespread invasive plant in Florida, where it was likely introduced as an ornamental before 1933. They are inexpensive, low … Ruellia prostrata. Landscape Use: Foliar and floral accent and/or filler shrub for landscape borders, even streetscapes.Versatile shrub for use in mesic and oasis landscape design themes. N.C. Noteworthy Characteristics. Also used as an abortifacient, The root is used against kidney diseases and for whooping cough. Stems are green or purple and leaves are dark green, oppositely arranged and lance-shaped, roughly 6 to 12 inches long and ½ to ¾ inches wide. Installing appropriate non-invasive or native ornamental species into newly bare ground right away provides sufficient plant competition to hold the space. It typically grows to 3 to 4 feet tall in the wild, but only to 2 or 3 feet tall in gardens. This page uses Google Analytics There are no known biological control agents for Mexican-petunia. Close × Share This Page. Ruellia simplex, the Mexican petunia, Mexican bluebell or Britton's wild petunia, is a species of flowering plant in the family Acanthaceae.It is a native of Mexico, the Caribbean, and South America. Since then it has naturalized in most counties in Florida, plus in six other southern states, Hawaii, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Control in invaded natural areas as well as control at the propagule source (home-gardens and landscapes) is needed for long-term management of this invasive species. Thanks to its sweet purple flowers, however, we come down firmly on the pro-ruellia side of the debate. Bare ground can quickly become invaded by weeds or different invasive species common to urban areas. × New and Unread Tree-Mails. Leaf juice is an efficient remedy in colic of children (8). Use sterile Ruellia cultivars such as "Mayan Purple," "Purple Showers," "Mayan Pink" and "Mayan White." There main blooming period is from Spring to summer, but many Ruellia will … Seeds produce a gel-like substance when wet that enables them to stick to surfaces when they dry. Other characteristics that make wild Mexican-petunia a successful invasive are its rapid growth rate, affinity for disturbed locations, prolific production of seed, and lack of germination requirements such as scarification or stratification. The review places emphasis on genus Ruellia and elaborates the biological and phytochemical studies and medicinal uses in various ailments. Mexican petunia is an attractive blue- to purple-flowered perennial that is available at some garden centers. Phonetic Spelling roo-EL-ee-yuh SIM-plecks Description. Mexican Petunia (Ruellia simplex) Biology and Management Adrienne M. Smith UF/IFAS Aquatic Weed Control Short Course May 6, 2015. Managing Mexican Petunia (Ruellia simplex C. Wright) in the Home Landscape 2 Why can Mexican petunia be a problem? 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